Among the scores of cities in Punjab with glorious past and great works of present development is the city of Kapurthala. With a glorious history and present instances of rapid development, Kapurthala is soon turning out to be an important development center in the State of Punjab.
Location of KapurthalaKapurthala is situated in the State of Punjab and the city is the administrative center for the District of Kapurthala. The geographical coordinates of the place are 31.38°N 75.38°E and it lies very close to the city of Jalandhar. It lies in the Indian Standard Time zone.
Brief History of KapurthalaEvery city has untold stories and history that has revealing information stored in them. Kapurthala had a prominent place of being the capital city of the princely state of Kapurthala State during the times of the British. Kapurthala is famous for its palaces and gardens. The history of Kapurthala can be divided into Kapurthala Prnicipalty and Kapurthala Town. The principality was ruled by Ahluwalia Dynasty and had a huge area of 1,690 square km. The Kapurthala town was founded by Rana Kapur who was a Bhatti Rajput. His presence can be traced back to the 11th century. But the present family of Patiala rulers belongs to Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia’s family. The Ahluwalias had great impact in regions near the Sutlej and Bari Doab.
Demographics of KapurthalaThe demographic indicators of Kapurthala are very encouraging in terms of the literacy rate there. When compared with the census of 2001 the Provisional Data of 2011 Census looks more encouraging wherein the literacy rate is pegged at 85.82%. Literacy rate according to 2001 Census was 65% , in which the male literacy rate was 67% and literacy rate for females was 62%. The population in Kapurthala according to 2001 Census was 84,361 in which 55% were males and 45% were females.
Religious Importance of KapurthalaOne of the most unique features of Kapurthala is the religious significance and importance of this place. It is recognized as the place from where Sikhism started. The region is associated with the Enlightenment of Guru Nank ji in 1499 in the town of Sultanpur Lodhi while he bathed in Bein rivulet. He spent 14 years of his life in the town and proceeded to spread the word of Sikkhism to other parts of the country after the Enlightenment. Kapurthala is a very important religious place because of this event.
Places of Interest in Kapurthala
Kapurthala, as any other place in Punjab has been a land of Kings and has rich cultural and historical importance and significance. Structures and monuments of grandeur and beauty have been built in Kapurthala that add charm and visual delight to the place. Some of the important places and monuments in Kapurthala are
- Jagatjit Club
- Moorish Mosque
- Shalimar Gardens
- Elysee Palace
- Jagatjit Palac
- Panch Mandir
- Gurudwara Ber Sahib
- Kanjli Wetlands
Rail Coach Factory In KapurthalaAnother important and significant thing to talk about Kapurthala is the Rail Coach factory. The rail coach factory here has the distinctiveness of being one of the most innovative large scale manufacturing unit that manufactures hi-tech railway carriages. It is a Government of India undertaking and was established in 1986. The factory is a very important unit for Kapurthala that provides jobs to a large number of people.
How to Reach KapurthalaKapurthala is in a very advantageous location and is easily accessible by road, rail and air:
By AirKapurthala is easily accessible by air as Amritsar Airport is near the city at a mere distance of 66 kms. Amritsar airport is conveniently connected with Delhi and other major airports of the country.
By RailKapurthala Railway Station is well connected with other Indian cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata etc. Its proximity to Jalandhar, which is just 19 km away provides even more rail options as Jalandhar is a major junction in Punjab.
By RoadScores of bus connect Kapurthala to other parts of Punjab and places like Delhi, Himachal, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana etc.
Some Facts About KapurthalaFounded By- Rana Kapur
Population(As per 2100 Census)- 1,01654
Literacy Rate (As per 2011 Census)- 85.82%
Pin Code- 144601
Telephone Code- 01822
Kapurthala is one of many places in Punjab with rich history and tales of Kings. A religiously important place and a city rich in architectural design and brilliance, Kapurthala is one of the must visit places in Punjab.